GC-API for Reader Studies



In this tutorial we will focus on grand-challenge Reader studies and show you how to upload cases to reader studies on our platform.

Remember that you need to request access prior to using a particular Reader study. You do not need to request permission if you are using your own reader study.

If you haven't installed gcapi yet, follow the instructions here.

Import necessary libraries:

import gcapi
import os


Authenticate to Grand Challenge using your personal API token.

# authorize with your personal token
token = 'my-personal-api-token'
client = gcapi.Client(token=token)


Upload input to Reader studies on Grand Challenge

If you are working on a Reader study, you most likely need to upload the cases to your study directory on the platform. This can be easily done via GC-API.

For this particular example, the data on your machine should be structured as follows:

mainfolder/ 
├── patient1_folder 
│       ├──file_for_a_single_series
├── patient2_folder 
│       ├──file_for_a_single_series 
├──patient3_folder 
│       ├──file_for_a_single_series 
          ...
├──patientN_folder 
│       ├──file_for_a_single_series 


Additionally, you will need to know the slug of the particular reader study you will work with. If the URL of your reader study on grand-challenge.org is https://grand-challenge.org/reader-studies/corads-score-exam/, the slug would be corads-score-exam.

Lets now list the files in the upload directory to check whether they can be identified:

#Specify the directory path which you want to upload from
upload_from_dir=r'path\to\folder\on\your\machine\with\data\to\upload\to\reader\study'
#Specify the "slug" of the study you want to upload your data to
upload_reader_study_slug="my-reader-study-slug"

files = {}

#Loop through files in the specified directory and add their names to the list
for root, directories, filenames in os.walk(upload_from_dir):
    for direc in directories:
        temp = []
        for file in os.listdir(os.path.join(root,direc)):
            temp.append(os.path.join(root,direc,file))
        files[direc] = temp
print("Found", len(files.keys()), "cases for upload")


Create display sets

To create display sets for the readers to view, you need to provide an interface for each image. Within a display set, an interface needs to be unique. For example, one cannot have three generic-medical-images within a single display set.

To upload cases and create the display sets, in this example two sets are created and the display set contains three interfaces: a ct-image, an airway-segmentation and some-score:

display_sets = [
  {
  "ct-image": files[0],
  "airway-segmentation": files[1],
  "some-score": 2.1,
  },
  {
  "ct-image": files[2],
  "airway-segmentation": files[3],
  "some-score": 7.9,
  },
]

display_set_pks = client.add_cases_to_reader_study(
  reader_study=upload_reader_study_slug,
  display_sets=display_sets
)
print("Uploaded cases and created display sets: " + display_set_pks)


Update the order of display sets

To update the order of a display set (in the example to 10), you can do the following:

client.reader_studies.display_sets.partial_update(
    pk="pk-of-display-set", **{"order": 10}
)


Retrieve Reader Study results

Again, you will need the slug of the reader study you wish to retrieve the results of. The response will contain general information, including the questions, of the reader study.

rs = next(client.reader_studies.iterate_all(params={"slug": slug}))


Retrieve Reader Study Answers

You can retrieve only your answers or all answers for that reader study (if you are editor for that reader study) with the following code:

my_answers = list(
    client.reader_studies.answers.mine.iterate_all(
        params={"question__reader_study": rs["pk"]}
    )
)
answers = list(
    client.reader_studies.answers.iterate_all(
        params={"question__reader_study": rs["pk"]}
    )
)


If you would like to get the answers per display set, you can use the following code snippet.

# first get the display sets (add offset as parameter to iterate through the pages
# if the number of display sets is more than 100).
display_sets = client.reader_studies.display_sets.page(
    params={"reader_study": rs["pk"]}
)

# then get the answers for each display set
answers_per_display_set = {}
    for display_set in display_sets:
        answers_per_display_set[display_set["pk"]] = list(
            client.reader_studies.answers.iterate_all(
                params={"display_set": display_set["pk"]}
            )
        )


Retrieve readable answers for (multiple) choice type questions.

The answers for (multiple) choice type questions contain only the id of the chosen option, not the title. If you would like to add the title to the answers, you can do so by combining information from the reader study questions.

# create a dictionary of the multiple choice questions with the question's api_url 
# as the key, and the options for the question as the value. 
# the options contain the readable title.
choice_questions = {
    q["api_url"]: q
    for q in rs["questions"]
    if q["answer_type"] in ("Choice", "Multiple choice")
}

# local function that will add the readable answer to the answer dictionary
#  for (multiple) choice questions
def add_answer_title(answer):
    if answer["question"] not in choice_questions:
        return answer
    options = choice_questions[answer["question"]]["options"]
    if isinstance(answer["answer"], list):
        # multiple choice
        answer["readable_answer"] = list(
            o["title"] for o in options if o["id"] in answer["answer"]
        )
    else:
        # choice
        answer["readable_answer"] = list(
            o["title"] for o in options if o["id"] == answer["answer"]
        )[0]
    return answer

# you can create a list for just the (multiple) choice type questions
choice_answers_readable = list(
    add_answer_title(a)
    for a in answers
    if a["question"] in choice_questions
)

# or add the readable title to all answers
answers_readable = list(get_readable(a) for a in answers)


Download answers saved as images.

For questions of type Mask the answers are saved as images. You can download these as follows:

from pathlib import Path

image_answers = list(a for a in answers if a["answer_image"] is not None)
for i in image_answers:
    downloaded_files = client.images.download(
        url=i["answer_image"], filename=Path("path/to/output")
    )



Delete display sets

If you would like to delete a reader study, you will first need to delete the display sets, questions and answers for that reader study. To delete the display sets in bulk, you can use the function below.

display_sets = client.reader_studies.display_sets.iterate_all(
    params={"reader_study": rs["pk"]}
)
while True:
    ds = next(display_sets)
    client.reader_studies.display_sets.delete(ds["pk"])